OptoCity® WWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWA
W
[ ? ] Request List Best Crystal & Components in the World
a-BBO | Calcite | YVO4 | Quartz | CaF2 | MgF2 | Sapphire | YAG | Ge | ZnS | ZnTe | TGG | Spinel |

Zinc Sulphide Multispectral (ZnS)

ZnS Multispectral (water-clear) is used for IR windows and lenses in the thermal band (8 to 14 µm) where maximum transmission and lowest absorption is required. Also selected for use where visible alignment is an advantage.

Transmission Range : 0.37 to 13.5 µm
Refractive Index : 2.20084 at 10 µm
Reflection Loss : 24.7% at 10 µm (2 surfaces)
Absorption Coefficient : 0.0006 cm-1 at 3.8 µm
Reststrahlen Peak : 30.5 µm
dn/dT : +38.7 x 10-6 /°C at 3.39 µm
Density : 4.09 g/cc
Melting Point : 1827°C
Thermal Conductivity : 27.2 W m-1 K-1 at 298K
Thermal Expansion : 6.5 x 10-6 /°C at 273K
Hardness : Knoop 160 with 50g indenter
Specific Heat Capacity : 515 J Kg-1 K-1
Dielectric Constant : 88
Youngs Modulus (E) : 74.5 GPa
Apparent Elastic Limit : 68.9 MPa (10,000 psi)
Poisson Ratio : 0.28
Solubility : 65 x 10-6 g/100g water
Molecular Weight : 97.43
Class/Structure : HIP polycrystalline cubic, ZnS, F42m

Due to its good transmission in the VIS and IR, Cleartran is an ideal choice for systems with a visible cameras,and and various IR detectors or IR cameras.

Typeical application: Visible imaging, thermal imaging, FLIR, astronomy

Products manufactured: Lenses,aspheric lenses ,binary(diffractive) lenses,windows,beamsplitters and optical filters and prisms

Surface Finish: Typical 40-20 or 60-40 scratch-dig. Diamond Turned 100 Angstroms rms or better.
Surface Flatness: Range from 1/2 wave to 2 waves @633nm depending on the system performance requirements.
AR coating: BBAR for 0.8 to 2.5µm, 3 to 5µm, 1 to 5µm, 8 to 12µm, and the 3 to 12µm spectral regions. Other specialized bands are possible from 0.4 to 12 µm.

Product Notes:
Zinc Sulphide oxidizes significantly at 300°C, exhibits plastic deformation at about 500°C and dissociates about 700°C. For safety, Zinc Sulphide windows should not be used above 250°C in normal atmosphere.

Zinc Selenide (ZnSe)

ZnSe is used widely for IR components, windows and lenses, and for spectroscopic ATR prisms. Zinc Selenide is one of the materials of choice for CO2 laser optics operating at 10.6 microns.

Transmission Range : 0.6 to 21.0 µm
Refractive Index : 2.4028 at 10.6 µm
Reflection Loss : 29.1% at 10.6 µm (2 surfaces)
Absorption Coefficient : 0.0005 cm-1 at 10.6 µm
Reststrahlen Peak : 45.7 µm
dn/dT : +61 x 10-6/°C at 10.6 µm at 298K
dn/dµ = 0 : 5.5 µm
Density : 5.27 g/cc
Melting Point : 1525°C (see notes below)
Thermal Conductivity : 18 W m-1 K-1 at 298K
Thermal Expansion : 7.1 x 10-6 /°C at 273K
Hardness : Knoop 120 with 50g indenter
Specific Heat Capacity : 339 J Kg-1 K-1
Youngs Modulus (E) : 67.2 GPa
Bulk Modulus (K) : 40 GPa
Apparent Elastic Limit : 55.1 MPa (8000 psi)
Poisson Ratio : 0.28
Solubility : 0.001g/100g water
Molecular Weight : 144.33
Class/Structure : HIP polycrystalline cubic, ZnS, F43m

Typeical application: Thermal imaging, FLIR.

Products manufactured: Lenses, Aspheric Lenses, Binary (diffractive) Lenses, Windows, Optical Beamsplitters and Optical Filters, Prism.

Surface Finish: Typical 40-20 or 60-40 scratch-dig. Diamond Turned 150 Angstroms rms or better.
SurfaceFlatness: Range from 1/2 wave to 2 waves @633nm depending on the system performance requirements.
AR coating: BBAR for 0.8 to 2.5µm, 3 to 5µm, 1 to 5µm, 8 to 12µm, and the 3 to 12µm spectral regions and single wavelength coating AR at 10.6µm. Many other specialized wavelength bands are possible within the 0.6 to 16µm range.

Product Notes:
Zinc Selenide is produced by synthesis from Zinc vapour and H2Se gas, forming as sheets on Graphite susceptors. Zinc Selenide is microcrystalline in structure, the grain size being controlled to produce maximum strength. Single crystal ZnSe is available, but is not common but has been reported as having lower absorption and thus more effective for CO2 optics.

Zinc Selenide oxidizes significantly at 300°C, exhibits plastic deformation at about 500°C and dissociates about 700°C. For safety, Zinc Selenide windows should not be used above 250°C in normal atmosphere.

More II-VI compounds Crystal

II-VI compounds are generally compounds formed by elements from II & VI groups of the Periodic table. Here we mean only binary (ZnSe, ZnS, ZnTe (also for terahertz applications), CdSe, CdS, CdTe) and ternary (e. g., CdZnTe or CdSSe) zinc and cadmium chalcogenides that are wide-gap semiconductors.
   Semiconductor single crystals of CdxZn1-xTe (CdZnTe, CZT, Cadmium Zinc Telluride) are important materials for the development of far-infrared, visible light, X-ray detectors, and gamma-ray detectors as medical imaging devices. CdZnTe (CZT, Cadmium Zinc Telluride) radiation detectors have the advantages of a large absorption coefficient, compact size and room temperature operation. Currently used high purity Ge and Si detectors in industry and medical imaging can only work efficiently at the liquid-nitrogen temperature.
   There are many examples of the use of CZT (CdZnTe, Cadmium Zinc Telluride) detectors in medical imaging and diagnostics, ranging from simple x-rays carried out in a dentist's office to cardiac angiography, bone densitometry measurements, and the use of nuclear medicine to pinpoint areas of activity within the brain to help characterize conditions such as epilepsy. In addition, the medical imaging community is interested in developing large area CdZnTe (CZT, Cadmium Zinc Telluride) detector arrays.
   Cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) has become a key detector technology for hard x-ray and gamma ray astronomy. Astronomers use CZT (CdZnTe, Cadmium Zinc Telluride) arrays to study the origin of high-energy gamma-ray bursts. One class of astronomy instruments will use large area single focal plane array detectors in conjunction with a focusing optic. CZT (CdZnTe, Cadmium Zinc Telluride) is also suited for high-resolution measurements and isotope identification in the nuclear industry and for x-ray radiography applications. The use of single crystal CZT (CdZnTe, Cadmium Zinc Telluride) as the gamma ray detector material has allowed the production of very compact prototype imaging systems. Further applications for CZT (CdZnTe, Cadmium Zinc Telluride) gamma ray detectors include space flight gamma burst instruments, high-energy x-ray astronomy, and international nuclear inspection and safeguarding.

Table - Typical Property

Material
ZnS
CdS
CdSe
ZnSe
ZnxCd1-xS
CdS
CdSe
CdSxSe1-x
CdTe
CdTe
CdZnTe
ZnTe
Diameter, mm
40
40
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
80
50
40
Thickness, mm
30
30
30
10
15
40
30
30
10
30
10
15
Optical absorption (bulk) at 10,6 nm, cm-1
< 0.15
< 0.007
< 0.0015
< 0.005
-
-
-
-
0.01
5-10E-4
< 0.01
-
Resistivity, Ohm x cm
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
105
5-50E9
> 105
1E6
Luminescent emission intensity ration, IEx/Iedge (Iimp)
-
-
-
> 10
> 10
> 10
> 10
> 10
-
-
-
-
Dislocation density, cm-2
-
-
-
< 2E5
< 5E5
2E5
< 2E5
< 2E4
5E4
-
1E4
-
Small-angle boundary density, cm-1
-
-
-
< 40
< 40
70
70
< 20
10
-
3
< 10
Excition band wavelength in luminescence spectrum, nm
-
490 ± 2
690 ± 2
444 ± 2
475 ± 5
490 ± 2
690 ± 2
510 ± 5, 535 ± 10, 560 ± 10, 600 ± 5, 615 +5/-15, 505 ± 5, 625 ± 5
-
-
-
-
The variation of local values for wavelength within the plate, nm
-
-
-
-
± 3
-
-
± 1
-
-
-
-
The number of cavities with size of 15 - 200 m, pcs/pl
-
-
-
-
< 10
<= 10
none
<= 10
-
-
-
-

Application:

IR optical components
, which operate as elements of high power CO2-lasers (windows, lenses, prisms, beamspliters etc.) The different coatings on the elements are available.
ZnSe oriented single crystals rods
as IR electrooptical modulators with max dimensions 5 x 10 x 45 mm3, any crystallographic orientation, resistivity >1010 Ohm x cm.
ZnSe oriented cubics with dimensions 10 x 10 x 10 mm3, high resistivity (>1010 Ohm x cm).
ZnSe substrates
to fabricate heterojurunctions with GaAs film (blue light emission diodes and lasers)-plates 10 x 10 mm2, 10 x 20 mm2, 10 x 30 mm2 or any other form with thickness of 1÷ 2 mm, (111) or (100) orientation, high resistivity (>1010 Ohm x cm), free of twins, EPD is 104/ cm2.
CdS oriented plates with low (<10-1 Ohm x cm) and high resistivity (>108 Ohm x cm)
ZnTe plates for terahertz applications

I N Q U I R Y    F O R M :  [ ? ]

Product Name:
Description:
Quantity:
Name :
Phone:
E-mail:
    Additional information, comments, add requirement, etc.           Your Company name and address:

--- We'll reply for your request as soon as possible.


© 2010 www.optocity.com Phone: +1-910-331-4862 E-mail: tom@optocity.com

End of Page

Q U I C K    F E E D B A C K

Product Name:

Message:

Enter Your E-mail Address:

--- We'll reply for your request as soon as possible.

WWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWW